Backward Mapping Strategies for Social Studies Planning
Backward mapping is an interesting teaching technique that is becoming quite popular. In backward mapping, the instructor sets a goal and then works in the background to achieve it. Sometimes, it becomes difficult to follow the conventional strategy to teach social studies in a classroom. In such scenarios, the mentor has to improvise and think outside the box to achieve his/her teaching objectives. In order to apply backward mapping in its truest sense, the instructor must analyze the needs of his classroom and audience beforehand. He must know what sort of knowledge to deliver, which skills to hone, and which specific goals to achieve. Instead of going from hours of research you can get University Assignment Help, http://www.brilliantassignments.com/students-need-university-assignment-help/
For social studies in particular, it is imperative for the students to know the effects of the cultural background and history of the present state of affairs of a country. In order to clarify these ideas through backward mapping, the tutor must devise such a strategy that first focuses on the goal and then works backwards to achieve this goal. Following the reverse path from outcome to the pre-condition can lead to an interesting lecture that is bound to keep the students engaged and involved in the classroom activity. The most important advantage of backward mapping is that the objective is not dependent on the various assessment techniques and has room for flexibility. Backward mapping usually involves three steps:
- Identify the goal.
- Set standards to measure progress.
- Design activities to achieve the desired goal or outcome.
Any social studies conundrum can be resolved by using this awesome technique. Whether the students need to write an essay about the constitution, or the human rights, or the evolution of politics in a country, the teacher can utilize backward mapping to improve their performance. According to Wiggins and Mc Tighe (2008), the “WHERE” approach can be used as an effective evaluation technique for backward mapping. In “WHERE” approach:
- W stands for where, why and what.
The students must have an idea about where they are headed to, why they are headed there and what is expected of them.
- H stands for hooking.
The students must be hooked to the content of the Social Studies course and lectures must be interesting.
- E stands for exploring.
The students must be enabled to explore new ideas and enhance their learning experience.
- R stands for revision
The students must revise their ideas to further refine them.
- E stands for evaluation
Assessing and evaluating the efforts of a student at the end of an assignment is the key to the backward mapping technique.